Satish Dhawan Space Centre (SDSC), SHAR
The Sriharikota Range, the Satellite Launching Station of Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO), popularly known as SHAR is situated on an island off Sullurupeta - a small town in Nellore district, of the state Andhra Pradesh. The national highway connecting Madras and Calcutta passes through Sullurupeta, situated about 80 Km north of Madras. A twenty minutes drive from here towards the east along the road accross the Pulicat Lake takes one to SHAR. Geographically Sriharikota Range (SHAR) is situated at 80 deg. East and 13 deg. North.
This launch centre located at Sriharikota island, was named as Satish Dhawan Space Centre, SHAR (SDSC, SHAR) in September 2002, in memory of Prof Satish Dhawan, who was Chairman of ISRO from 1972 to 1984.
The activities at SDSC, SHAR are grouped under vehicle assembly and static test operations, range operations, liquid storage and service facilities and, solid propellant space booster plant. Management services including programme planning and human resources development and quality and reliability groups support the centre. Sriharikota Common Facilities provide administrative and auxiliary support for the centre. The main facilities in the centre include those for production of solid propellant rocket boosters, ground and environmental qualification of rocket motors and their subsystems, integration, check out and launch of satellite launch vehicles, liquid propellants and cryogenic propellants storage and servicing facilities, tracking and telecommand stations, real time data processing and range and flight safety.